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May 30, 2024 0 Comments

What are Terpenes?

What are terpenes? Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in many plants, including cannabis, and are responsible for their distinct scents and flavors. In cannabis, terpenes not only contribute to the plant’s unique aroma but also play a role in its therapeutic effects. Each cannabis strain has a unique terpene profile that influences its flavor, aroma, and potential effects on the user.

Key Points about Terpenes:

1. Aroma and Flavor: Terpenes give cannabis strains distinctive smells and tastes. For example, the terpene myrcene is responsible for earthy and musky scents, while limonene gives a citrusy aroma.

2. Therapeutic Benefits: Terpenes are believed to have various therapeutic properties. For instance, linalool has calming effects and is often found in lavender, while pinene, found in pine trees, can have anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator effects.

3. Entourage Effect: Terpenes are thought to work synergistically with cannabinoids (like THC and CBD) in what is known as the entourage effect. This means that the combination of terpenes and cannabinoids can enhance the therapeutic benefits of cannabis.

Are Terpenes Effective?

A new federally funded study into the effects of cannabis terpenes suggests that the compounds could be “potential therapeutics for chronic neuropathic pain,” finding that an injected dose of the compounds produced a “roughly equal” reduction in pain markers when compared to a smaller dose of morphine. Terpenes also appeared to enhance the efficacy of morphine when given in combination.

The study is available to read in PAIN magazine and also published in The National Library of Medicine.

Common Terpenes in Cannabis

1. Myrcene:

   – Aroma: Earthy, musky, and herbal

   – Effects: Sedative and relaxing

   – Found in: Mangoes, thyme, lemongrass, and cannabis

2. Limonene:

   – Aroma: Citrus (lemon, orange)

   – Effects: Uplifting, stress relief

   – Found in: Citrus fruits, juniper, and cannabis

3. Pinene:

   – Aroma: Pine, fresh

   – Effects: Anti-inflammatory, improves airflow

   – Found in: Pine needles, rosemary, basil, and cannabis

4. Linalool:

   – Aroma: Floral (lavender)

   – Effects: Calming, anti-anxiety

   – Found in: Lavender, coriander, and cannabis

5. Caryophyllene:

   – Aroma: Spicy, peppery

   – Effects: Anti-inflammatory, pain relief

   – Found in: Black pepper, cloves, cinnamon, and cannabis

6. Humulene:

   – Aroma: Earthy, woody

   – Effects: Appetite suppressant, anti-inflammatory

   – Found in: Hops, basil, cloves, and cannabis

To see more terpenes, their aroma, and effects, use the handy terpenes chart.


Terpenes are an essential component of cannabis that contribute to its sensory experience and potential therapeutic benefits. Understanding the terpene profile of a cannabis strain can help users choose strains that best suit their needs, whether they are seeking relaxation, pain relief, or an uplifting experience.

To find out more about terpenes, medical marijuana, or if you have other questions, please contact The Healing Clinics at (318) 227-4088 or click the button below.